Farooq Ahmad Bakloo, Research Scholar Department of Political Science SSJ Campus, Almora
Asma, UGC SRF Scholar, Department of Education, SSJ Campus, Almora
Climate change has been the biggest challenge to the world as it has adverse effects on the green planet. Third world countries are fall prey to this jeopardy as these countries have twin challenges one is to alter their economic development another is to curtail the carbon emissions. In the past, this climate change had shown the number of repercussions which has consumed many lives in the various parts of the map. It is the reason the International community is solemn about the matter and have taken the cluster of steps to mitigate this problem. Freshly the Paris agreement was part of this exercise how to deal with the Climate change in the world.
The Indian state has also taken numerous steps to handle this change. The Nation has formulated the National Climate Action Plan, and have introduced the Green Mission to increase the tree cover of the country. The country has enacted anti-pollution Acts, but the ground situation is very different. There are many studies which reveal that India is very exposed to climate change. There is a lack of awareness among the people about climate change they did not know how to tackle these hazardous phenomena.
In the framework of the state of Jammu and Kashmir, which is called paradise on earth has also severely affected by this climate change, there are various studies which reported the signals and impact of climate change in the valley. The temperature for Kashmir region where temperature increases 0.4 to 0.5°C per decade. Other Climate Scientists in 2007, based upon three stations (Srinagar, Leh, and Shimla), reported a significant rise in air temperature by 1.6°C during the last century in the northwest Himalayan region with winter increase at a faster rate. They also deduced that the maximum temperature increased more rapidly than the minimum temperature (M. K. Khushu).
The study of Earth Sciences at the University of Kashmir reported that between 1980 and 2013, these glaciers have shrunk by 17%. The total glaciated area has been reduced from 29.01square kilometers to 23.81 kilometers. There has been the corresponding reduction in the discharge of the rivers dependent on these glaciers. Besides, worry has been the shifting of the peak rainfall season from summer to spring which could have an adverse effect on the agriculture due to water shortage in the required season (Asraf 2018).
The unpredictable snowfall and snowfall pattern and unusually warm winters are some of the characteristics of the climate change in Jammu and Kashmir (Vishwakarma 2018).
The study “Climate vulnerability assessment for the Indian Himalayan Region using a common framework”, reported that in Kashmir division, Bandipora district tops the list with 0.49 to 0.62 high vulnerability index followed by Ganderbal, Kulgam, and Kupwara.
The Jammu and Kashmir have emerged most vulnerable to climate change among 12 Himalayan states in India (Rising Kashmir, 26 December 2018).
From the past few years, we are witnessing the long dry spells of the winter and unusual rainfall which experts called that it is the signs of climate change in the valley (Greater Kashmir 15 December 2018).
The people of the valley believe that even the production of the Saffron gets adversely affected by the menace of climate change. The natives Saffron cultivators believe that decline in Saffron production is due to the lack of timely rainfall, which obviously is a climate change impact.
According to the Ex-Chief Scientist & Head, Agrometeorology, SKUAST-Jammu M. K. Khushu Jammu and Kashmir state where the temperature had gone up by 4- 60 °C above normal during the month of January, while in the month March heavy snowfall on 13th March 2007.
However, there are many areas in the valley, where water plays a mess. As a result, the springs and the streams are drying, which in turn lead to weakening the spine of the state’s economy, agriculture. The other effects of this scarcity of water are seen on the enrolment of the schoolgirls as these schoolgirls are traveling huge distances especially in the mountains areas to fetch the drinking water which takes the hours, and in this entire process, they are not able to attend the school daily.
To see this deficit of water the farmers are on velocity to transform the agrarian lands into the apple orchards which as per the rational onion itis not right treatment of this problem but that will create more trouble for the natives as the principal food is rice. Therefore this mass conversion will affect our rice production, and we will be more dependent on other states. The common trend of the state Government to issue the advisory to some areas of the valley not to grow paddy because of the water shortage as announcing these type of precautions is not the solution to this problem. But the government should take the concreate efforts and engage the local community. The local democratic institutions and other stakeholders should also be involved to disseminate the knowledge about the devastating effects of climate change among the natives of the Valley to address the subject from the root.
E.P.E.S.B.F TECHNIQUE: A WAY FOR AWARENESS AT GRASSROOTS LEVEL
Educating the people by engaging the principal stakeholders like NGOs, Civil society religious preachers and educational institutions.
- Promoting the eco-friendly steps through launching the schemes in the area.
- Ensuring by the monitoring the area through different ways like supervisions and assessment the programmes relating the climate change.
- Strengthening the infrastructure from Village level to tackle the climate change in the area and mapping the climate change affected areas.
- Building the network of experts and people of traditional knowledge to find the solutions according to the local adaptation.
- Facilitating people who are working on the whole project.
There is a need to create a Climate Change Mitigation Bank at the National level and its branches in States and Union Territories. CCM Banks shall primarily be responsible for funding to promote eco-friendly technologies, innovations, and projects in India. The CCM Bank could also ensure that India becomes self-sufficient in climate mitigation projects and need not depend on the international funding agencies.
This article has been printed in the 37th Issue of Enviro Annotations