Effluent discharge standards prescribed for Pharmaceutical (Manufacturing and Formulation) Industries does not consider the antibiotic residue
CPCB has drafted standards for pharmaceutical industries including anti-biotic residues
Sanjaya K. Mishra, Editor & Publisher www.enviroannotations.com
The presence of antibiotic residues in high concentration in the environment can lead to the development of Anti-Microbial Resistant (AMR) Pathogens. The Anti-Microbial Resistance arises when microorganism survives exposure to a drug that would normally kill them or stop their growth. The waste from pharmaceutical units or hospitals may be a possible reason for resistance to antibiotic drugs if, the wastes are not disposed of in a scientific manner. Presence of antibiotics in excess of Predicted No Effect Concentration (PNEC) in the environment may lead to the development of Anti-Microbial Resistance.
The State Pollution Control Boards/Pollution Control Committees stipulate the effluent discharge standards while granting consent to operate to pharmaceutical units for discharging treated wastewater into inland surface water or land for irrigation or Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP). Pharmaceutical units are required to treat their effluents before discharge in Effluent Treatment Plants (ETPs) in order to comply with the notified standards vide GSR 512(E) dated 9th July 2009. In order to manage waste generated from the Health Care Facilities, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has notified Biomedical Waste Management Rules 2016. These rules prescribe methods for segregation, collection, treatment, processing, and disposal of the bio-medical waste as well as discharge norms for effluents of health care facilities in an environmentally sound manner.
The Ministry has notified effluent discharge standards prescribed for Pharmaceutical (Manufacturing and Formulation) Industries under Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986 except for antibiotic residue. Looking into the health impact of AMR, the Government has initiated the National Action Plan for Anti-Microbial Resistance in India, to ensure regulation of antibiotics concentration in industrial effluents as one of the preventives/corrective measures. The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has drafted standards for pharmaceutical industries including anti-biotic residues.
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