I Can Be a Change Maker

Inayat
Inaayat Passi
Student, Grade 10, Vasant Valley School, Resident of Sunder Nagar, New Delhi
I was on my way to Delhi from Ghaziabad and I crossed a huge landfill, almost the height of the Qutub Minar. It was so disturbing to pass by and see children of my age handling and separating wastes with their bare hands. Rather than going to school for an education that can help them grow, and thereby the nation; they are cleaning up the mess that has largely been created by us. And, some of these, we have inherited, called legacy waste. Do we want to be known for our historical culture of the Qutub Minar or for the height of the landfills? Aside from deeply impacting young children, these landfills also have a major impact on our health. Firstly, they emit greenhouse gases consisting mostly of methane and carbon dioxide – leading to global warming, and the widespread air quality issues that we all are suffering from. Secondly, these landfills have toxic wastes, whose chemicals can seep into the ground and mix with our water supply, contaminate soil and groundwater. Stealing childhoods, harming our air quality, causing water pollution, and soil pollution – isn’t enough a list of dangers to doing away with the landfills?
I have been greatly inspired by Greta Thunberg. She is an ordinary student-turned activist who has urged global efforts to deal with the climate crisis. As a 16-year-old girl, she has the attention of world leaders; her efforts make me believe that it is the strength of the cause and sincerity behind it that can lead to making a difference. The need of the hour is for each person to take their future into their hands. We really need to think about future generations, otherwise, our children will blame us and only us.
Along with some residents of my residential community, Sunder Nagar, I have taken the initiative to come forward and form a group called Mission RGB (Red, Green, and Blue). Our waste segregation programme launched on 28thSeptember 2019. It has been sponsored by the ITC Wow Esree Foundation. With the enormous help from Madhusudan, Sushma, Babita, and Vishaka the process has taken its course in the right direction. It has taken a significant amount of hard work and brainstorming for all of us to come together. The aim of our programme is to make sure that every household in the colony segregates its waste to ensure environment-friendly disposal. We campaigned door to door to educate residents on the segregation of different wastes and the impact it can have on the environment, if not segregated.
My mother took the initiative first to join mission RGB. At first, I was told to do it but now I feel that each and every one of us needs to realize that this is important. If we don’t start now, there will be no life left on Earth. Parents should be teaching their children. I cannot thank my mom enough for opening my eyes. We, the kids will be the future leaders and it is up to us to make sure we and the future generations live a good life. So many children from my colony are willing to go to extents to help with waste segregation.
 
Aside from segregation, our programme has also convinced Sunder Nagar residents to stop lining their garbage bins with plastic bin liners. 70% of this has already been achieved. Through this, we have prevented a significant amount of plastic from reaching the landfills. If this is what a small community like Sunder Nagar has achieved in just a few months, imagine what could happen if all communities adopted this!
It is important to know that plastic harms the environment as it is non-biodegradable. Therefore plastic never goes away, taking years to degrade. We need to respect the planet and have gratitude for all the things that God has provided us with. As a necessary lifestyle change, we must also purchase only environment-friendly items. Recycling of cans, paper, and other items can also greatly help our cause.
The impact of our programme could eliminate 1600 tonnes of waste from going into landfills. The Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) could save nearly ₹32 lakh, every year, just from garbage transportation. There could be many other direct and indirect savings, for example, staff health expenses. We avoid the same by making our own compost pits and doing community composting. We have achieved 70% of this and wish to complete our mission soon. For this, the combined effort of the whole Sunder Nagar community is highly appreciable. All the mothers and children of Sunder Nagar have worked really hard to ensure that the solid waste in the society is segregated and biodegradable waste is taken for composting.
To overcome health hazards, each one of us has to render a helping hand and do our bit irrespective of gender, age, status, and position. Shame is not in clearing your own filth but in letting others do it for you. We have already reached a point where the criticality and seriousness of the damage to our environment are unavoidable. We should be obliged to leave our children as much we received from our forefathers – if not more. This is the need of the hour. There is no point in talking about education and jobs unless we have a clean environment for us to thrive in. Recently, I was reading Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel, Chairman of the National Green Tribunal (NGT), who illustrated that “Clean environment is a fundamental right of citizens. ‘Right to Life’, as envisaged under Article 21 of the Constitution must be ensured by the States. Having said State, I mean all the people and stakeholders of a State and not just the government functionaries alone.”
I want to make a difference and if we work together, we can make Delhi a cleaner city to live in. Would you like to join me?

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Scientific Management of E-wastes & Hazardous Wastes indispensable

CPCB is working on a web portal for the registration of bulk consumers of e-waste

Sanjaya K. Mishra

14th January 2020, Gurugram: E-waste or electronic waste is formed when an electronic product is discarded after the end of its useful life. Outdated, impaired or irreparable smartphones, mobile phones, LED lights, discarded computers, office electronic equipment, entertainment device, electronics, television sets, refrigerators, other electrical appliances, switches, and wires are some examples of e-waste. This includes used electronics that are destined for reuse, resale, salvage, recycling, or disposal as well as reusable and secondary scraps such as copper, steel, plastic, etc. The rapid expansion of technology means that a very large amount of e-waste is created every minute.

20200111 Gurgaon Regional Conference.jpgIt was emphasized that all these wastes must be segregated and put in separate bins from other household and office wastes, as disposal mechanism of e-wastes different from other household wastes.

The subject was deliberated in the recently concluded two-day regional conference on the clean environment held in Gurugram. E-waste recycling is doable. But the responsible recycling of e-waste is a worldwide problem. It was stated that only 20% of the e-waste is being recycled worldwide, while in India the figure is 24%. In view of this situation, these rules have been made by the Government of India that the creator of the West has the responsibility to deal with it. Currently, it has been that consumers either put the e-waste in their dustbin or sell it to flea so that untrained people extract precious items from this waste which is harmful to both their health and the environment.

In India, E-waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011 were enacted on 12th May 2011 and became effective from 1st May 2012. These Rules were brought into force to enable recovery and/or reuse of useful material from e-waste, thereby reducing the hazardous wastes destined for disposal, to ensure the environmentally sound management of all types of e-waste and to address the safe and environmentally friendly handling, transporting, storing, and recycling of e-waste. For the first time, the concept of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) was introduced which made manufacturers liable for the safe disposal of electronic goods. According to a government spokesperson, major companies like Apple, Samsung are following the requirements, however, other companies also need to meet compliance.

Thereafter, the E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016 were enacted on 23rd March 2016 that came into effect from 1st October 2016. A manufacturer, dealer, refurbisher and Producer Responsibility Organization (PRO) were also brought under the ambit of these Rules. PRO is a professional organization authorized or financed collectively or individually by producers, which can take responsibility for the collection and channelization of e-waste generated from their products to ensure environmentally sound management. An option was given for setting up of a PRO as an additional channel for implementation of EPR by Producers. Further, the collection mechanism-based approach was adopted for the collection of e-waste by Producers under EPR. Furthermore, the applicability of the Rules was expanded to cover components, consumables, parts, and spares of EEE in addition to the equipment covered under the Rules.

Further, the E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016 was amended; vide notification GSR 261 (E) dated 22nd March 2018 to facilitate and effectively implement the environmentally sound management of e-waste in India. These amendments have been made with the objective of channelizing the e-waste generated in the country towards authorized dismantlers and recyclers in order to further formalize the e-waste recycling sector. The amended Rules revise the collection targets under the provision of EPR with effect from 1st October 2017. By way of revised targets and monitoring under the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), effective and improved management of e-waste would be ensured. As per the revised targets of e-waste collection, 10% of the quantity of waste generated shall be collected during 2017-18. Further, there shall be a 10% increase every year until the year 2023. After 2023, the E-Waste collection target has been fixed at 70% of the quantity of waste generation.

Dr. Anand Kumar, Senior Director from Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) enlightened that e-waste contains many hazardous metals like Lead, Cadmium, Mercury, Arsenic, and also harmful materials like asbestos, and lethal chemicals. In addition, many precious metals like Gold, Silver, Copper, Cobalt, Aluminium, Nickel, etc. are also present in e-waste. The extraction of all these valuable metals through unscientific methods causes negative impacts on the environment and health hazards. Dr. Kumar informed that Haryana has made provisions for scientific disposal of e-waste and hazardous wastes. And industries, as well as other waste disposal companies should take advantage of such facilities. It was also told that there are 28 e-waste recyclers in Haryana. Dr. Anand Kumar apprised that CPCB is working on a web portal for the registration of bulk consumers of e-waste. There are 154 bulk consumers registered with CPCB, till date, he added.

Anil Ranveer, Additional Director, CPCB, in his presentation on said that regulations were implemented for the management, handling, and disposal of hazardous wastes in 1989. The rules were further amended in 2016. He underlined that 54 Standard Operating Procedures have been prepared to handle 40 different types of hazardous wastes. He also spoke about the available guidelines to reduce, reuse and recycle hazardous wastes. He also informed that CPCB is working on a National Hazardous Waste Monitoring System, which is expected to be ready by another 6 months. This system will help the officials of CPCB and State Pollution Control Boards and Pollution Control Committees to check hazardous waste data online and industries/companies need not submit forms.

Gujarat Enviro Protection and Infrastructure Ltd. (Haryana) is running a treatment, storage, and disposal facility (TSDF) in Pali Crusher zone on Gurugram – Faridabad road since the year 2009. It sprawls over an area of about 31 acres of land. The Chief Operating Officer of GEPIL, Priyesh Bhati informed in the conference that fuel is being made from the recycling of hazardous wastes. The incinerators earlier installed have been closed. He also said that the soluble hazardous waste is converted to solid material before disposal. In Haryana, 4839 industries have been generating hazardous wastes, out of which 2499 have been registered with GEPIL, he added. It was also stated that according to an estimation, 87121 tons of hazardous waste is being generated out of which only 21827 tons are disposed of scientifically. Industries and companies were reminded that the hazardous wastes need to be disposed of within 90 days from the date of generation.

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Regional Conference on Environment in Gurugram (Hindi)

जस्टिस प्रीतम पाल द्वारा अपने संबोधन के दौरान किए गए आह्वान जिसमें उन्होंने अगले 30 दिन के बाद हरियाणा से गुजरने वाले सभी राष्ट्रीय राजमार्ग, राज्यीय राजमार्ग तथा रेल पटरियों के साथ गंदगी नही दिखाई देगी, का आह्वान पूरे प्रदेशवासियों से किया था , का उल्लेख करते हुए आशा जताई कि हरियाणावासी इसे जरूर पूरा करेंगे।

Press Release

गुरूग्राम , 11 जनवरी। राष्ट्रीय हरित प्राधिकरण के अध्यक्ष जस्टिस (सेवानिवृत) आदर्श कुमार गोयल ने देश में ठोस व तरल कूड़ा निस्तारण के लिए सस्ते और सतत मॉडल विकसित करने की आवश्यकता है जिसमें आम नागरिकों, एनजीओ, संस्थाओं व सरकारी अधिकारियों सभी को शामिल किया जाए ।

उन्होंने कहा कि संविधान के अनुच्छेद 21 के तहत प्राप्त जीवन के अधिकार के अंतर्गत स्वच्छ पर्यावरण नागरिकों का मौलिक अधिकार है और राज्य इस अधिकार को प्रदान करना सुनिश्चित करे। जस्टिस गोयल ने राज्य से अपने अभिप्राय को स्पष्ट करते हुए कहा कि इसमें केवल सरकारी अधिकारी ही नही बल्कि हम सभी नागरिक आते हैं।  उन्होंने कहा कि कोई भी कार्य अकेले सरकार नही कर सकती, उसमें सभी नागरिकों के सहयोग की आवश्यकता होती है। प्रधानमंत्री नरेन्द्र मोदी के सबका साथ सबका विकास नारे का उल्लेख करते हुए जस्टिस गोयल ने कहा कि यह केवल एक नारा नही है बल्कि हमारी संस्कृति का हिस्सा है। जस्टिस गोयल ने अपने संबोधन में कहा कि राज्य सरकारें सभी को साथ लेकर लोगों को पर्यावरण संरक्षण के लिए जागरूक करें और सरकार इसके लिए बेहतर नेतृत्व प्रदान करे।

वे आज गुरूग्राम में प्र्यावरण विषय पर आयोजित दो दिवसीय रीजनल कान्फ्रेंस के दूसरे दिन बतौर मुख्य अतिथि संबोधित कर रहे थे। इस दो दिवसीय कान्फ्रेंस में पाॅलिसी बनाने वालों से लेकर उसे लागू करने वाले दिल्ली, हरियाणा तथा उत्तर प्रदेश के अधिकारीगण व हितधारकों ने भाग लिया। एनजीटी की कई कमेटियों के सदस्य भी इस कान्फ्रेंस में शामिल हुए।

जस्टिस प्रीतम पाल द्वारा अपने संबोधन के दौरान किए गए आह्वान जिसमें उन्होंने अगले 30 दिन के बाद हरियाणा से गुजरने वाले सभी राष्ट्रीय राजमार्ग, राज्यीय राजमार्ग तथा रेल पटरियों के साथ गंदगी नही दिखाई देगी, का आह्वान पूरे प्रदेशवासियों से किया था , का उल्लेख करते हुए आशा जताई कि हरियाणावासी इसे जरूर पूरा करेंगे। चूंकि यह कान्फ्रेंस गुरूग्राम में आयोजित हो रही है इसलिए प्र्यावरण संरक्षण और प्रदूषण कम करने की दिशा में गुरूग्राम तथा हरियाणा को मॉडल के रूप में बनकर उभरना चाहिए ताकि यह राज्य दूसरो के लिए अनुकरणीय बन सके। जस्टिस प्रीतमपाल ने अपने संबोधन में कहा था कि एक महीने के उपरांत जिस भी जिले में हाईवे तथा रेल पटरियों के साथ सफाई का सराहनीय कार्य पाया जाएगा उस जिले के अधिकारियों को सम्मानित करने की अनुशंसा की जाएगी।

जस्टिस गोयल नेे कहा कि 50 साल पहले किसी ने सोचा भी नहीं था कि पर्यावरण प्रदूषण हमारे लिए इतनी गंभीर समस्या हो जाएगी। हम नदी का पानी नहीं पी सकेंगे और साफ हवा में सांस नहीं ले सकेंगे। वर्ष 1972 में स्कॉटहोम कान्फ्रेंस में विश्व के कई देशों ने पहली बार इस विषय पर चिंता जाहिर की और कहा कि प्रकृति से जितना हम ले रहे हैं अगर हमने वापिस नहीं दिया तो हमारे लिए गंभीर संकट पैदा हो जाएगा। उन्होंने कहा कि लाखों ग्रहों में से सिर्फ पृथ्वी ही ऐसा गृह है जहां पर जीवन है। अगर हम प्रकृति से लेने और उसे वापिस लौटाने में संतुलन नहीं रखेंगे तो प्रलय आना तय है। अगर हमें दुनिया को बचाना है तो पर्यावरण को भी बचाना होगा। देश में बढ़ते प्रदूषण पर चिंता जाहिर करते हुए जस्टिस गोयल ने केन्द्रीय प्रदूषण नियंत्रण बोर्ड द्वारा दिए गए आंकड़े प्रस्तुत करते हुए बताया कि देश की 351 नदियां, 122 शहर और 100 औद्योगिक क्षेत्र पूरी तरह से प्रदूषित हो चुके हैं। स्थिति ज्यादा गंभीर है और इसका समाधान करने की क्षमता भी हमारे पास है लेकिन हमें यह पता ही नही है कि हमें करना क्या है। उन्होंने कहा कि प्रदूषण और गंदगी का वैज्ञानिक ढंग से निस्तारण किया जा सकता है।

उन्होंने अत्यधिक भूजल दोहन रोकने और प्रयुक्त पानी का शोधन कर इसे पुनः प्रयोग करने की आवश्यकता पर भी बल दिया। उन्होंने कान्फ्रेंस के आयोजन के लिए हरियाणा सरकार की प्रशंसा करते हुए कहा कि यह कार्यक्रम न केवल हरियाणा को नया रास्ता दिखाएगा बल्कि आशा है कि इससे पूरे देश को नई दिशा मिलेगी।

राष्ट्रीय हरित प्राधिकरण द्वारा घग्गर नदी एवं ठोस कचरा प्रबंधन के लिए गठित कमेटी के कार्यकारी अध्यक्ष जस्टिस (सेवानिवृत) प्रीतमपाल सिंह ने रोहतक व परवाणु में कचरा प्रबंधन के लिए किए गए कार्यों का उदाहरण देते हुए सम्मेलन में उपस्थित हितधारकों से कहा कि स्वच्छता व पर्यावरण संरक्षण का कार्य केवल सरकारी स्तर पर ही नहीं बल्कि बच्चों से लेकर बुजुर्गों तक को इसमें भागीदार बनाते हुए एक जन आंदोलन बनाना होगा।

दिल्ली उच्च न्यायालय के पूर्व जस्टिस एसपी गर्ग ने कहा कि इस कार्यक्रम के आयोजन का सबसे बड़ा उद्देश्य प्रदूषण नियंत्रण व कचरा प्रबंधन है। इसी उद्देश्य की पूर्ति के लिए विधि द्वारा स्थापित एक ऐसी संस्था की जरूरत है जिसका प्रदूषण फैलाने वालों में एक भय हो। उन्होंने कहा कि एनजीटी ने दिल्ली में 1200 जल स्रोतों का नवीनीकरण का निर्णय लिया। इनमें से काफी पर अतिक्रमण हो चुका था और काफी तालाब प्रदूषित पड़े थे। दिल्ली जल बोर्ड ने सबसे पहले 155 तालाबों के नवीनीकरण का प्रस्ताव तैयार किया है। आईआईटी दिल्ली को इसमें कंसलटेंसी एजेंसी नियुक्त किया। यह बड़ी खुशी की बात है कि हमने 91 जलस्रोतों को रिवाईज कर दिया है और 95 अन्य जलस्रोतों को सितंबर 2020 तक रिवाईज कर देंगे। स्कूल-कालेजों में रेन वाटर हार्वेस्टिंग सिस्टम शुरू करवाए और शोधित जल को बागवानी में प्रयोग कर कुछ नए कदम उठाए गए।

इस अवसर पर सीपीसीबी के चेयरमैन सी पी एस परिहार ने कहा कि हम सभी को पर्यावरण संबंधी विषयों को समझते हुए इस दिशा में एकजुट होकर प्रयास करने की आवश्यकता है। उन्होंने कहा कि हमें शहरी व ग्रामीण क्षेत्रों को एक साथ लेकर चलना होगा। उन्होंने कहा कि रिसायकिल व रियूज की दिशा में आगे बढ़ते हुए हमें कचरे का प्रबंधन करना चाहिए। हमें कचरे से रेवेन्यू जनरेट करने की तरफ ध्यान केन्द्रित करना चाहिए ताकि इससे आमदनी के साधन जुटाए जा सके। उन्होंने कहा कि पर्यावरण संबंधी विषय में अधिक से अधिक लोगों की भागीदारी सुनिश्चित की जानी अत्यंत आवश्यक है ताकि इसे जन आंदोलन बनाया जा सके।

हरियाणा की मुख्य सचिव केशनी आनंद अरोड़ा ने कहा कि हरियाणा सरकार द्वारा वेस्ट वाटर का इस्तेमाल करने को लेकर पाॅलिसी भी बनाई गई है। इस पाॅलिसी के तहत वर्ष-2030 तक 80 प्रतिशत वेस्ट वाटर का इस्तेमाल करने की योजना बनाई गई है। उन्होंने बताया कि प्रदेश में शहरी स्थानीय निकाय द्वारा 146 एसटीपी के माध्यम से 1500 एमएलडी पानी शोधित किया जा रहा है जिनकी सप्लाई प्रदेश के 200 घरों मे की जा रही है।। इसके अलावा, जल शक्ति अभियान के तहत भूमिगत जल को रिचार्ज करने में आज हरियाणा पहले स्थान पर है। प्रदेष में वैस्ट वाटर मैनेजमेट कमेटी का भी गठन किया जा चुका है। उन्होंने बताया कि प्रदेश के 92 प्रतिशत वार्डों में 100 प्रतिशत कचरे का डोर टू डोर कलेक्शन किया जा रहा है। इनमे ंसे 60 प्रतिशत वार्डों में सोर्स सैगरीगेशन किया जा रहा है।   इसके अलावा, प्रदेश के 22 जिलों में 662 सोलिड वेस्ट मैनेजमेंट लागू किए जा चुके है जबकि 477 लिक्विड वेस्ट मैनेजमेंट प्रौजेक्ट पूरे हो चुके हैं। ग्रामीण क्षेत्रो के लिए किए जाने वाले स्वच्छ ग्रामीण सर्वेक्षण 2018-19 में हरियाणा ने देश में दूसरा स्थान प्राप्त किया है।

कान्फ्रेंस में पर्यावरण विभाग की अतिरिक्त मुख्य सचिव धीरा खंडेलवाल ने कहा कि हमें पाॅल्यूशन का नही बल्कि साॅल्यूशन का पार्ट बनना है। उन्होंने कहा कि इस कान्फ्रेंस में हरियाणा,दिल्ली व उत्तर प्रदेश के विभिन्न विभागों शहरी स्थानीय निकाय, सिंचाई विभाग, जनस्वास्थ्य अभियंत्रिकी, प्रदूषण नियंत्रण व नगर निगम के अधिकारियों द्वारा वेस्ट मैनेजमेंट को लेकर बेस्ट प्रैक्टिसिज व अनुभवों को सांझा किया जा रहा है ताकि उन्हें ध्यान में रखते हुए भविष्य में परफेक्ट इन्वायमेंट सोल्यूशन निकाले जा सके। उन्होंने कान्फ्रेंस में प्रकृृति पर आधारित कविता भी सुनाई जिसका विषय ‘मै तुम्हारी सहचरी‘था।

इस अवसर पर यूपी के लिए गठित एनजीटी कमेटी के चेयरमैन डा़ अनूप चंद्र पांडे , पंजाब एनजीटी कमेटी के सदस्य सुबोध चंद्र अग्रवाल व जस्टिस जसबीर सिंह , यमुना माॅनीटरिंग कमेटी के सदस्य बी एस सजवान , घग्गर तथा ठोस कचरा प्रबंधन के लिए गठित एनजीटी कमेटी के सदस्य उर्वशी गुलाटी , स्वामी संपूर्णानंद, सीपीसीबी के चेयरमैन एस पीएस परिहार, हरियाणा राज्य प्रदूषण नियंत्रण बोर्ड के चेयरमैन अशोक खेत्रपाल, शहरी स्थानीय निकाय के प्रधान सचिव वी उमाशंकर सहित कई वरिष्ठ अधिकारीगण उपस्थित थे।

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Editorial: Strive from 2020 for a gemütlich environment ahead

Ministry of Agriculture to set up laboratories to test quality of compost produced by local authorities or their authorized agencies

Sanjaya K. Mishra

Editorial Published on 25th December 2019

Year 2019 is quickly running out. The world is ecstatic to welcome the New Year 2020. Looking back, it was an encouraging year. India became one of the first countries in the world to develop and launch a comprehensive Cooling Action Plan, India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP). National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) was launched to tackle the problem of air pollution. NCAP targets 20 to 30% reductioIMG_20191226_013858n of PM10 and PM2.5 concentration by 2024, compared to 2017. 

Water Talk by National Water Mission, Green Good Deeds Campaign, the fight against single-use plastic, increase in tiger population addition in forest cover, and the release of White Paper on National Aviation Policy, to address major environmental challenges of the Indian aviation industry – are incredible. The National Green Tribunal’s Order dated 30th April 2019 pertaining to sewage disposal standards was a remarkable one. Jal Jeevan Mission was launched to ensure piped water supply to every household “Har Ghar Jal”. The formation of the new ministry, the Ministry of Jal Shakti (MoJS) was a significant move. The Jal Shakti Abhiyan, the time-bound mission for water conservation to enhance water security, especially in the water-stressed districts, created a huge impact across the nation. It has delivered over 5 Lakh local water conservation infrastructure in 256 districts. An estimated 370 Lakh people participated in the mission making it a people’s movement. About 123 million saplings were planted as afforestation intervention through this mission. 

However, as the river water management, and clean up deals with the treatment of water pollution and wastewater management, a part of the Pollution Control Board could further be considered to be included in the MoJS. The format could be followed in the state as well, where the groundwater regulatory body and water pollution control body could be merged. The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change may focus on emission control, air quality, soil quality-related subjects, alongside the environmental and forest clearances. Solid wastes, hazardous wastes, plastic wastes, e-wastes, battery wastes, bio-medical wastes, and construction and demolition (C&D) wastes are going to be major challenges in the forthcoming years. It has been observed by the National Green Tribunal and even the Supreme Court that the efficiency of municipal bodies have remained appalling in the solid waste, plastic waste, and C&D waste fronts. The structure of SPCBs can handle the subject. 

Coming back to 2019, Activism was also phenomenal. From Delhi air pollution to Mumbai Aarey, to PLPA in Haryana and Talabira in Odisha. Also, there were numerous exemplary works in the field of waste management. Especially, some RWAs working towards zero waste and fight against Single-Use Plastic. The year 2020 will be another crucial year for the environment. The deadline to leapfrog from Bharat Stage-IV (BS-IV) to Bharat Stage-VI (BS-VI) emission norms by 1stApril 2020. This has created tremendous changes in the automotive market. India has embraced for faster adoption of electric vehicles and their manufacturing, with a goal to 30% electric vehicles by 2030. Many new job openings would come out for wastewater professionals to meet the 31st March 2020 deadline given by the NGT.

As time is running out, to attain a better environment, to restore forest, and nature so that people and wildlife can thrive. As it may take time to turn the ship around, we need to start now. Everybody – individuals, citizens, institutions, academicians, governments, judiciary, businesses, activists, NGOs, and media – together, we can step up in 2020 and take urgent action to protect and restore nature, before it’s too late.

 

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SDMC South Zone working in full swing for A Swachh Delhi

Sanjaya K. Mishra

21st December 2019, New Delhi

A program was held yesterday at SDMC, South Zone office, Green Park, in which, the winners of Swachh Survekshan 2020 second quarter winners in various categories were felicitated. First, Second and Third prize winners from Residents Welfare Associations, schools, hotels, hospitals, Market Traders Association, Government offices were awarded certificates by the Deputy Commissioner, SDMC, South Zone, Mr. Aman Gupta, and chairperson, SDMC, South Zone, Mrs. Tulsi Joshi. Senior officials from SDMC like Assistant Commissioner, Mr. Harish Kashyap and Deputy Health Officer, Dr. (Capt.) N. R. Tuli was also present.

Mrs. Joshi appreciated the efforts put in by these associations and requested them to spread their work far and wide. She also requested everyone to gear up and fight against the single-use plastic menace.

Mr. Aman Gupta, who has very recently taken the charge at South Zone, assured them of full support from SDMC.

Mr. Harish Kashyap, Asst. Commissioner and his team has been working relentlessly, even for prolonged hours beyond office time, on waste segregation, management, and against single-use plastic (SUP), and spreading knowledge, awareness of the health hazards of SUP among the residents.

The awardees shared their initiatives that made a significant difference in their respective areas. Dr. Ruby Makhija, Secretary, Navjiwan RWA and an ophthalmologist by profession who bagged the first award in the RWA category shared some path breaking initiatives by Navjiwan RWA. This RWA has not been using any disposables for its events for the last one year and has saved more than 15000 disposables in the last one year. Navjiwan Vihar has attained 100% waste segregation at source and has its own composting pits that take care of the entire wet waste in the colony that generates “Black Gold”. The residents of Navjiwan Vihar have worked significantly towards controlling single-use plastic and they upcycle the old bedsheets to make cloth bags.

Hyatt Regency Hotel received the first award in Hotel Category for its tremendous efforts in cutting down SUP bottled water and ensuring high levels of cleanliness in their hotel.

IGL was awarded the second prize in the Government Office category. They stressed the training and welfare of the staff.

Office of Deputy Commissioner, SDMC, South Zone was also awarded the third prize in the category of government office. Mr. Kashyap described the latest initiatives in which SDMC will be setting up 10 centres at various locations in South Zone. At these centres equivalent weight of compost will be given to citizens who will bring wet waste. Used bedsheets and curtains will be collected at these centres and cloth bags will be stitched and returned to the citizens totally free of cost. SDMC, South Zone will also be setting up “Neki ki Deewar” at various locations in South Zone where citizens can donate their used clothes. These clothes can then be picked up by the lesser privileged class of people.

Swachh Survekshan is a very welcome step that has been appreciated by all quarters. Such initiatives serve as a huge motivation to various sectors that are working towards saving the environment and making Delhi a Swachh place.

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Editorial: Who will ensure Quality of Compost from Garbage?

Ministry of Agriculture to set up laboratories to test quality of compost produced by local authorities or their authorized agencies

Sanjaya K. Mishra

Editorial Published on 18th December 2019

Composting as defined in Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016 vide S.O. 1357(E) the 8th April 2016, means a controlled process involving the microbial decomposition of organic matter. With growing awareness and compliance with rule 4, many waste generators, Residential Welfare Associations (RWAs), Group Housing Societies, Malls, Hotels, Hospitals, Office Complexes; are now making compost in their premises. Some have adopted garbage converters, others generate compost by aerobic composting or vermicomposting. Some institutions, as required for those with more than 5,000 SQM area, also converting biodegradable waste into compost. At the same time, with growing activism and increasing interruption of Courts and Tribunals, the Municipal Bodies are also working proactively towards solid waste management. Thus, a huge quantity of compost is being generated.

According to the SWM Rules 2016, the Department of Fertilizers, Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers shall provide market development assistance on city compost, and ensure promotion of co-marketing of compost with chemical fertilizers in the ratio of 3 to 4 bags: 6 to 7 bags by the fertilizer companies to the extent compost is made available for marketing to the companies. Further, the SWM Rules specifies that the Ministry of Agriculture through appropriate mechanisms shall propagate utilization of compost on farmland. It has also given the responsibility to set up laboratories to test the quality of compost produced by local authorities or their authorized agencies. Download SWM Rule 2016 (English)

The above responsibilities by the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers and the Ministry of Agriculture are not as visible as the enthusiasm of RWAs to make compost out of bio-degradable waste. Compost quality is essential to be analyzed as specified in the Schedule-II of SWM Rules, 2016. And it has a significant meaning as according to the “Fact Sheet on Plastic Waste in India, 2018”, The Energy Research Institute (TERI), plastic contributes to 8% of the total solid waste. A significant amount of toxic heavy metals like copper, zinc, lead, and cadmium recovered from plastic wastes from seashores have an adverse effect on the coastal ecosystems. Lead and Cadmium pigments, commonly used in most of the plastics as additives are hazardous in nature and are known to leach out. And this is only one source of possible contamination in the compost. This clearly indicates there is a substantial possibility of contamination in compost. At the moment, the compost is being utilized in potted plants, terrace gardens, lawns, gardens, greenbelts. There is a risk of using unknown quality of compost in potted plants. Further, contaminations and pollutants in compost may also degrade the soil and groundwater quality in the long term. Therefore, it is high time to establish laboratories and disseminate the information. It is also important for the EIA Consultants and the Compliance Professionals to address the subject as per legal provisions. Heaps of compost are being generated and over the years the quantity will increase. However, it is also time to review the annual reports prepared by the Local Bodies to obtain facts and figures. Proper utilization through the appropriate market, as delineated in the SWM Rule could lead to a win-win-win situation for the waste generator to farmers to government. There should not be any chance left to pile up compost in place of raw garbage.

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Haryana Govt. Submits Interim Report to NGT on Legacy Waste Management

Sanjaya K. Mishra

Editor & Publisher, ENVIRO ANNOTATIONS

This article was published in the Editorial of ENVIRO ANNOTATIONS on 25th September 2019

In compliance with the Order dated 10th July 2019 issued by the Chairperson Bench of Hon’ble National Green Tribunal (NGT) an Interim Report has been filed by the State of Haryana with regard to Original Application No. 514/2018 Vivek Kamboj & Anr. Versus Union of India & Ors. The report was filed by Sh. Anand Mohan Sharan, IAS, Principal Secretary, Department of Urban Local Bodies, Haryana on behalf of the Haryana Government.

According to the report Haryana Government constituted a committee on 16th July 2019 under the Chairmanship of Chief Secretary to Govt. of Haryana. The Commissioner, Municipal Corporation, Indore and Dr. Syed Asad Ali Warsi, Chief Executive Officer, Municipal Corporation, Indore were Special Invitees.

As directed in the NGT Order the Finance Department, Govt. of Haryana has approved to transfer a sum of Rs 20 Crores to an Escrow Account which will be operated by representative of Central Pollution Control Board. However, the report does not detail whether it will recover the amount from the stakeholders concerned as per the Order.

The report states that there are eight number of leachate collection tanks operational at present in the site with a total capacity of 40,000 kiloliter. Underground piping all around has been laid to carry leachate from MSW to collection tanks. Leachate is being treated with leachate treatment plant of capacity of

150 KLD, to attain the desired results and additional Dissolved Air Floatation (DAF) of 150 KLD has been installed. The results of the trial run were found to be positive. Gurugram Metropolitan Development Authority (GMDA) has accorded permission for disposal of treated leachate in the nearest sewage treatment plant (STP). The unit is expected to be operational with full capacity within this month. Solid Waste accumulated at the landfill site has been reshaped and is being covered with HDPE lining so that rainwater does not perforate within MSW to generate excessive leachate. 15 gas trapping vents with a depth of 15 meter each from the garbage surface for the release of gas from covered MSW.

The report also details that Ballistic separator is operational to treat incoming fresh waste and 500 TPD fresh waste is being segregated for further processing of composting of organic waste. The composting facility has been made operational to get the wet waste converted into compost from the existing fresh waste at MSW Plant site. M/s Ecogreen Energy Gurgaon Faridabad Pvt. Ltd., which is referred to as Concessionaire is expected to treat 20.00 Lakh tones of waste. Municipal Corporation, Faridabad is going to provide 30 acres of land at village Pali, Faridabad to the concessionaire for storage of segregated fractions, if required.

Meanwhile, the number of wet waste composting plants at Bulk Waste Generators have increased to 87 from 78 as reported on 7th July 2019 and thus overall composting capacity has increased from 28.5 TPD to 31.06 TPD. The total capacity of Dry waste dealers is 214.23 TPD. 341 Dry waste dealers/collectors have been identified and registered by Municipal Corporation, Gurugram (MCG). MCG is also taking initiatives such as source segregation and composting at de-centralized and community composting units. This could lead to minimizing waste to the landfill site.

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