I Can Be a Change Maker

Inayat
Inaayat Passi
Student, Grade 10, Vasant Valley School, Resident of Sunder Nagar, New Delhi
I was on my way to Delhi from Ghaziabad and I crossed a huge landfill, almost the height of the Qutub Minar. It was so disturbing to pass by and see children of my age handling and separating wastes with their bare hands. Rather than going to school for an education that can help them grow, and thereby the nation; they are cleaning up the mess that has largely been created by us. And, some of these, we have inherited, called legacy waste. Do we want to be known for our historical culture of the Qutub Minar or for the height of the landfills? Aside from deeply impacting young children, these landfills also have a major impact on our health. Firstly, they emit greenhouse gases consisting mostly of methane and carbon dioxide – leading to global warming, and the widespread air quality issues that we all are suffering from. Secondly, these landfills have toxic wastes, whose chemicals can seep into the ground and mix with our water supply, contaminate soil and groundwater. Stealing childhoods, harming our air quality, causing water pollution, and soil pollution – isn’t enough a list of dangers to doing away with the landfills?
I have been greatly inspired by Greta Thunberg. She is an ordinary student-turned activist who has urged global efforts to deal with the climate crisis. As a 16-year-old girl, she has the attention of world leaders; her efforts make me believe that it is the strength of the cause and sincerity behind it that can lead to making a difference. The need of the hour is for each person to take their future into their hands. We really need to think about future generations, otherwise, our children will blame us and only us.
Along with some residents of my residential community, Sunder Nagar, I have taken the initiative to come forward and form a group called Mission RGB (Red, Green, and Blue). Our waste segregation programme launched on 28thSeptember 2019. It has been sponsored by the ITC Wow Esree Foundation. With the enormous help from Madhusudan, Sushma, Babita, and Vishaka the process has taken its course in the right direction. It has taken a significant amount of hard work and brainstorming for all of us to come together. The aim of our programme is to make sure that every household in the colony segregates its waste to ensure environment-friendly disposal. We campaigned door to door to educate residents on the segregation of different wastes and the impact it can have on the environment, if not segregated.
My mother took the initiative first to join mission RGB. At first, I was told to do it but now I feel that each and every one of us needs to realize that this is important. If we don’t start now, there will be no life left on Earth. Parents should be teaching their children. I cannot thank my mom enough for opening my eyes. We, the kids will be the future leaders and it is up to us to make sure we and the future generations live a good life. So many children from my colony are willing to go to extents to help with waste segregation.
 
Aside from segregation, our programme has also convinced Sunder Nagar residents to stop lining their garbage bins with plastic bin liners. 70% of this has already been achieved. Through this, we have prevented a significant amount of plastic from reaching the landfills. If this is what a small community like Sunder Nagar has achieved in just a few months, imagine what could happen if all communities adopted this!
It is important to know that plastic harms the environment as it is non-biodegradable. Therefore plastic never goes away, taking years to degrade. We need to respect the planet and have gratitude for all the things that God has provided us with. As a necessary lifestyle change, we must also purchase only environment-friendly items. Recycling of cans, paper, and other items can also greatly help our cause.
The impact of our programme could eliminate 1600 tonnes of waste from going into landfills. The Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) could save nearly ₹32 lakh, every year, just from garbage transportation. There could be many other direct and indirect savings, for example, staff health expenses. We avoid the same by making our own compost pits and doing community composting. We have achieved 70% of this and wish to complete our mission soon. For this, the combined effort of the whole Sunder Nagar community is highly appreciable. All the mothers and children of Sunder Nagar have worked really hard to ensure that the solid waste in the society is segregated and biodegradable waste is taken for composting.
To overcome health hazards, each one of us has to render a helping hand and do our bit irrespective of gender, age, status, and position. Shame is not in clearing your own filth but in letting others do it for you. We have already reached a point where the criticality and seriousness of the damage to our environment are unavoidable. We should be obliged to leave our children as much we received from our forefathers – if not more. This is the need of the hour. There is no point in talking about education and jobs unless we have a clean environment for us to thrive in. Recently, I was reading Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel, Chairman of the National Green Tribunal (NGT), who illustrated that “Clean environment is a fundamental right of citizens. ‘Right to Life’, as envisaged under Article 21 of the Constitution must be ensured by the States. Having said State, I mean all the people and stakeholders of a State and not just the government functionaries alone.”
I want to make a difference and if we work together, we can make Delhi a cleaner city to live in. Would you like to join me?

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Scientific Management of E-wastes & Hazardous Wastes indispensable

CPCB is working on a web portal for the registration of bulk consumers of e-waste

Sanjaya K. Mishra

14th January 2020, Gurugram: E-waste or electronic waste is formed when an electronic product is discarded after the end of its useful life. Outdated, impaired or irreparable smartphones, mobile phones, LED lights, discarded computers, office electronic equipment, entertainment device, electronics, television sets, refrigerators, other electrical appliances, switches, and wires are some examples of e-waste. This includes used electronics that are destined for reuse, resale, salvage, recycling, or disposal as well as reusable and secondary scraps such as copper, steel, plastic, etc. The rapid expansion of technology means that a very large amount of e-waste is created every minute.

20200111 Gurgaon Regional Conference.jpgIt was emphasized that all these wastes must be segregated and put in separate bins from other household and office wastes, as disposal mechanism of e-wastes different from other household wastes.

The subject was deliberated in the recently concluded two-day regional conference on the clean environment held in Gurugram. E-waste recycling is doable. But the responsible recycling of e-waste is a worldwide problem. It was stated that only 20% of the e-waste is being recycled worldwide, while in India the figure is 24%. In view of this situation, these rules have been made by the Government of India that the creator of the West has the responsibility to deal with it. Currently, it has been that consumers either put the e-waste in their dustbin or sell it to flea so that untrained people extract precious items from this waste which is harmful to both their health and the environment.

In India, E-waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011 were enacted on 12th May 2011 and became effective from 1st May 2012. These Rules were brought into force to enable recovery and/or reuse of useful material from e-waste, thereby reducing the hazardous wastes destined for disposal, to ensure the environmentally sound management of all types of e-waste and to address the safe and environmentally friendly handling, transporting, storing, and recycling of e-waste. For the first time, the concept of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) was introduced which made manufacturers liable for the safe disposal of electronic goods. According to a government spokesperson, major companies like Apple, Samsung are following the requirements, however, other companies also need to meet compliance.

Thereafter, the E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016 were enacted on 23rd March 2016 that came into effect from 1st October 2016. A manufacturer, dealer, refurbisher and Producer Responsibility Organization (PRO) were also brought under the ambit of these Rules. PRO is a professional organization authorized or financed collectively or individually by producers, which can take responsibility for the collection and channelization of e-waste generated from their products to ensure environmentally sound management. An option was given for setting up of a PRO as an additional channel for implementation of EPR by Producers. Further, the collection mechanism-based approach was adopted for the collection of e-waste by Producers under EPR. Furthermore, the applicability of the Rules was expanded to cover components, consumables, parts, and spares of EEE in addition to the equipment covered under the Rules.

Further, the E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016 was amended; vide notification GSR 261 (E) dated 22nd March 2018 to facilitate and effectively implement the environmentally sound management of e-waste in India. These amendments have been made with the objective of channelizing the e-waste generated in the country towards authorized dismantlers and recyclers in order to further formalize the e-waste recycling sector. The amended Rules revise the collection targets under the provision of EPR with effect from 1st October 2017. By way of revised targets and monitoring under the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), effective and improved management of e-waste would be ensured. As per the revised targets of e-waste collection, 10% of the quantity of waste generated shall be collected during 2017-18. Further, there shall be a 10% increase every year until the year 2023. After 2023, the E-Waste collection target has been fixed at 70% of the quantity of waste generation.

Dr. Anand Kumar, Senior Director from Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) enlightened that e-waste contains many hazardous metals like Lead, Cadmium, Mercury, Arsenic, and also harmful materials like asbestos, and lethal chemicals. In addition, many precious metals like Gold, Silver, Copper, Cobalt, Aluminium, Nickel, etc. are also present in e-waste. The extraction of all these valuable metals through unscientific methods causes negative impacts on the environment and health hazards. Dr. Kumar informed that Haryana has made provisions for scientific disposal of e-waste and hazardous wastes. And industries, as well as other waste disposal companies should take advantage of such facilities. It was also told that there are 28 e-waste recyclers in Haryana. Dr. Anand Kumar apprised that CPCB is working on a web portal for the registration of bulk consumers of e-waste. There are 154 bulk consumers registered with CPCB, till date, he added.

Anil Ranveer, Additional Director, CPCB, in his presentation on said that regulations were implemented for the management, handling, and disposal of hazardous wastes in 1989. The rules were further amended in 2016. He underlined that 54 Standard Operating Procedures have been prepared to handle 40 different types of hazardous wastes. He also spoke about the available guidelines to reduce, reuse and recycle hazardous wastes. He also informed that CPCB is working on a National Hazardous Waste Monitoring System, which is expected to be ready by another 6 months. This system will help the officials of CPCB and State Pollution Control Boards and Pollution Control Committees to check hazardous waste data online and industries/companies need not submit forms.

Gujarat Enviro Protection and Infrastructure Ltd. (Haryana) is running a treatment, storage, and disposal facility (TSDF) in Pali Crusher zone on Gurugram – Faridabad road since the year 2009. It sprawls over an area of about 31 acres of land. The Chief Operating Officer of GEPIL, Priyesh Bhati informed in the conference that fuel is being made from the recycling of hazardous wastes. The incinerators earlier installed have been closed. He also said that the soluble hazardous waste is converted to solid material before disposal. In Haryana, 4839 industries have been generating hazardous wastes, out of which 2499 have been registered with GEPIL, he added. It was also stated that according to an estimation, 87121 tons of hazardous waste is being generated out of which only 21827 tons are disposed of scientifically. Industries and companies were reminded that the hazardous wastes need to be disposed of within 90 days from the date of generation.

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Group Housing Project M/s Godrej Real View Developers Pvt. Ltd.

Review of EIA Report and Environment Clearance for Group Housing Project measuring 14.793 acres at Village Babupur, Sector-106, Gurugram, Haryana by M/s Godrej Real View Developers Pvt. Ltd, 3rd floor, UM House, Plot No. 35, Sector-44, Gurugram

EIA report prepared by M/s Perfact Enviro Solutions Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi

EC granted on 4th April 2018 by the SEIAA Haryana

Sunita Mishra  @enviannotations

The project was already granted Environmental Clearance vide No SEIAA/HR/2010/1415 dated 21/01/2010 that stood expired in light of applicable notification issued by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) on dated 29th April 2015 and subsequent clarification vide OM issued on the subject on dated 12th April 2016. The EC application as cited in the EC under discussion was received by SEIAA on 22nd August 2017, where it states that construction work was not started yet and therefore, it is a new case. It does not cite the reason for not starting construction for almost 7 years. EC process bears a direct costing to the state and nation. Genuine reasons must be cited, verified by authorities and also some provisions be made to compensate the involved costing.

The EC reads that the Group Housing project shall comprise of 2 Basements, 7 Residential Tower + EWS + GF + 34 Floors. The proposed project shall have 754 Dwelling units, 135 EWS units and 76 Servant units, Nursery Schools, Convenient Shopping and Community Building/ club. The maximum height of the building shall be 107.35 meters. The total water requirement shall be 541 KLD. The freshwater requirement shall be 308 KLD. The wastewater generation shall be 348 KLD which will be treated in the STP of 650 KLD capacity. The total power requirement shall be 11 MVA which will be supplied by DHBVN. The Project Proponent has proposed to develop a green belt on 18048.82 sqm (30.15%) of the project area (Green Belt area 1753.06 sqm + Periphery plantation 2384.46 sqm + Avenue Plantation 2551.85 sqm + Lawn area 11359.45 sqm). The Project Proponent proposed to construct 8 rainwater harvesting pits. The solid waste generation will be 2161kg/day. The bio-degradable waste will be treated in the project area by adopting appropriate technology. The total parking spaces proposed are 1357 ECS.

At 1.21, in Form 1 the appraisal process questions “Impoundment, damming, culverting, realignment or other changes to the hydrology of watercourses or aquifers?” The project proponent states “No impoundment, damming, culverting, realignment or other changes to the hydrology of surface watercourses is required”, and it remains silent on groundwater aquifers. Further, in the EIA report available on the website, under Hydrology it describes “In the industrial area of Manesar, the top most aquifer can be encountered at 20 m”, which is more than 10 kilometers away from the project site. According to certain reports submitted by civil engineering surveyors and consultants, who carries load-bearing tests, and interviews with local residents, it is reported that groundwater table was very high and water was available at a depth of 10 foot in many parts of the study area, during 2010. The EIA report fails to display the factual status of the project area, which is essential as the project requires excavation of two levels of basements which in turn may require pumping out the groundwater. Therefore, there could be a change in the hydrology of aquifers. The SEIAA has also overlooked this matter, which defeats the purpose of the delegation of powers from the Union Government.

The condition No. 16 of the EC reads “In view of the severe constraints in water supply augmentation in the region and sustainability of water resources, the developer will submit the NOC from CGWA specifying water extraction quantities and assurance from HUDA/ utility provider indicating source of water supply and quantity of water with details of intended use of water –potable and non-potable. Assurance is required for both construction and operation stages separately. It shall be submitted to the SEIAA and RO, MOEF, Chandigarh before the start of construction.” The factual condition during 2017 and 2018 was that groundwater extraction in the project area was banned by the Central Ground Water Authority due to a reason cited in very EC at condition No. 17. In such a situation how is justified by the SEIAA to impose a condition without supporting detailed? What result should be expected from this?

The condition No. 17 of the EC reads “Overexploited groundwater and impending severe shortage of water supply in the region requires the developer to redraw the water and energy conservation plan. The developer shall reduce the overall footprint of the proposed development. The project proponent shall incorporate water efficiency /savings measures as well as water reuse/recycling within 3 months and before the start of construction to the SEIAA, Haryana, and RO, MoEF, GOI, Chandigarh.”

The above condition could have been pragmatically imposed at the time of appraisal. However, as on date, the guidelines of water consumption have changed and therefore, an amendment could be easily sought by the project proponent. Nevertheless, the document must also seek a complete water balance – starting from groundwater extraction to replenishment by means of rainwater harvesting during the construction phase. Rainwater harvesting could be attained by means of modular structures available these days and also the final structure is constructed through proper planning.

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Hello Industries, How Compliant is your Hazardous Waste TSDF?

TSDF by Ramky faced closure due to non-establishment of the super fund, Residual Liability Fund, and Environment Relief Fund

The Principal Bench of Hon’ble National Green Tribunal has issued order dated 26th September 2019 in the matter of Sri T. M. Umashankar & Others Vs Union of India & Others regarding direction for closure of Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facility (TSDF) established by M/s Ramky Enviro Engineers Ltd. and M/s Ramky Infrastructure Ltd. on the ground of violations of norms in operating the TSDF facility.Dabaspet-TSDF-NGT-order

It is stated that super fund, Residual Liability Fund, and Environment Relief Fund had not been established, as required under the Hazardous and other Waste (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016 and there are violations of norms in operating the TSDF facility.

The matter was transferred to the Tribunal by the High Court of Karnataka vide an Order dated 10th January 2019.

As per the writ petitioners, working of TSDF needs to be audited to ensure compliance of environmental laws, apart from ensuring deposit of funds by the service provider in the manner statutorily required. It is alleged that the environmental clearance, as required, has not been taken nor post establishment preventive and remedial steps taken to comply with the requirement of Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act,1981, Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 and the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

The service provider is liable to pay the environmental cost for the failure. A Joint Committee comprising the representatives of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, (MoEF&CC), Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) and Karnataka State Pollution Control Board (KSPCB) – was constituted in compliance as per the directions issued by Hon’ble NGT in its Order dated 22nd April 2019. The Joint Committee, as reported on 7th August 2019, found the TSDF to be compliant except that Consent to Operate for a period from July 2016 was refused by the KSPCB against which an appeal was pending and the Appellate Authority directed maintenance of status quo. It is further stated that while Environmental Clearance (EC) was taken for incinerator, the same EC was being treated as EC for TSDF which does not meet the mandate of the rules. However, it is suggested that at this stage, separate EC may not be directed to be required. Hon’ble NGT has directed that the TSDF must obtain the EC within two months and the concerned authorities should deal with the appeal, pending for three years as expeditiously as possible in accordance with law.

All other SPCBs and PCCs may take a note and make it transparent the compliance status of TSDF in respective States and Union Territories. Industries also need to be aware of this fact. In case of any closure of TSDF, the hazardous wastes, it will be their responsibility to maintain stockpile.

Treatment Storage & Disposal Facility (Incineration Only), Malout, Punjab

Review of EIA Report and EC granted to Proposed Treatment Storage and Disposal Facility (Incineration Only) at B-28 & 29, Industrial Area, Focal Point, Malout, Punjab by M/s Sevrin Environ Management Co., Danewala, Malout – 152107

EIA report prepared by M/s Shivalik Solid Waste Management Ltd. (SSWML), SCO 20-21, II floor, Near Kalka -Shimla Highway Zirakpur, Baltana, Punjab 140604

Sunita Mishra  @enviannotations

The proposal has got environmental clearance (EC) from the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) vide letter No. F. No. 10-69/2018-IA-III Dated 20th September 2019. As per the EC, the project will be an Incinerator based Hazardous Waste Management Plant with an installed capacity to process 4000 liters per day of Liquid Waste and 1000 kg/day of Solid Waste. The EC has diligently detailed various aspects and stipulated conditions. It describes that about 90% water will be evaporated from circulation tanks of scrubbers due to high temperature of flue gases. The remaining water will be filtered before reuse in the scrubbing tank. The sludge will be sent to the Primary Chamber for Incineration same as other waste. The industry will be using water to satisfy cooling water requirements and for vacuum pumps. All of the water will be continuously re-circulated. There won’t be any rejection of the water and, hence, there will be no effluent generation. Sevrin Environ Management Co. is a newly established Partnership concern. Disposal of hazardous waste in common and captive incinerators leads to the loss of vital resource besides having the potential to cause severe environmental risks if not operated in an environmentally sound manner. However, Co-processing of hazardous wastes in cement kiln, wherever, characteristics so suggests, will eradicate such risks and harness the encapsulated energy, hence a priority area. In order to streamline the procedure of co-processing so as to give a thrust to such activity, the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has prepared guidelines.

The EIA report states that Punjab state is generating 4978 ton of incinerable waste per year, some of which is being treated in the Captive Incinerator Plant. The 2016-17 data published in a CPCB report shows that 2246.5 Ton of hazardous waste was treated captive incinerators, while 1734.3 Ton was treated in common incineration in TSDF and 418.81 Ton of hazardous waste was taken for co-processing in cement kiln. However, the stated report also shows that Punjab has no Integrated Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facility (TSDF) with both Secured Landfill Facility (SLF) and Incinerator nor it has TSDFs with only Common Incinerators. Furthermore, there is a cement plant at a distance of nearly 50 kilometer from the project site. In such a case, whether it is feasible to install such a low capacity incinerator?

The total freshwater requirement is as low as 2 kilo-liter per day. However, the water balance is not very transparent.

The report has some contents, which will be very useful in the part of the project proponent. One example could be that at 6.3 of the EIA report under the heading Environmental Monitoring the consultant has suggested that apart from the standard parameters stipulated under the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS), additional parameters, namely, Total Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH), to align the monitoring Programme with the potential impacts of TSDF operations, should be monitored. Similarly, it has recommended parameter and frequency for the monitoring of groundwater as well as soil. However, some difference may be found in the tabulated data given under Table 34 with heading Monitoring Schedule for Environmental Parameters and the contents under paragraph description.

The above mention could have been more valuable if a pre-project baseline data could have been generated and placed in the EIA report with respect to all the parameters suggested. This effort gives scope for correlation of pre-project and post-project environmental scenarios.

The consultant has also mentioned the applicability of the Public Liability Insurance Act. The EIA report states that the operator of the facility shall also take Insurance under the Public Liability Insurance Act.

Under the heading of Corporate Environment Responsibility, the EC has placed a condition that the project will carry out a self environmental audit on an annual basis. Every three years, a third-party

environmental audit shall be carried out by the project. This condition is going to reduce the scope of environmental services business to a further low level. Furthermore, there is no details on whether a third-party audit is required to cross verify the TSDF operations and establish the compliance of HWM rules and the consented stipulations as per CPCB guidelines.

The EC does not specify the applicability of displaying general information through an Electronic digital display board at the main gate of the facility. To some extent, the EIA report has addressed but it not clearly specified. This is an important condition as it was ordered by the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India.

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Does GEPIL pass on the benefits from Co-processing to you?

8.65% of total hazardous waste in Haryana disposed through co-processing: F.Y. 2016-17

Co-processing reduces costing due to incineration

Sanjaya K. Mishra, Editor & Publisher, Enviro Annotations 

A July 2017 publication by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Govt. of India deliberates that about 7.4 million tonnes of hazardous wastes are annually generated in India, out of which around 54% is recyclable and can be used for resource or energy recovery. About 200 million tonnes of non-hazardous wastes of industrial origin also gets generated in the country such as fly-ash, pyro-metallurgical slags, sludge from WTPs, dried sewage sludge, Plastic & other packaging materials, date expired and off-specification FMCGs materials and food & kindred products, used pneumatic tyres, etc. having potential for resource or energy recovery.

According to an Interim Report of Monitoring Committee on Management of Hazardous Waste published in January, 2019 by the CPCB, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Govt. of India, during the Financial Year 2016-17, about 7.17 Million Metric Tonne of hazardous waste have been reported to be generated in the country from 56,350 numbers of hazardous waste generating industries. 2.84 Million MT (38.30%) of Hazardous Waste was disposed, while 3.68 Million MT (49.46%) of hazardous waste was recycled or utilized.

3.2% of Hazardous Waste was disposed through common Incinerator, while nearly 0.7% was disposed through Captive Incinerator. In the case of incineration, the residual ash requires to be landfilled as hazardous waste. Further, it produces gaseous hazards in the form of obnoxious gases.

On the contrary, the production of cement in India has been reported to be about 502 Million Tons per annum. Extrapolating this figure to estimate the requirement of coal and raw materials such as Limestone, Iron ore, Clay, Bauxite, etc., as per a CPCB report, could be nearly 84 Million Tons per annum and 750 Million Tons per annum, respectively. Therefore, India has vast potential to utilize large quantum of wastes such as non-recyclable hazardous & other wastes, segregated combustible fractions from MSW or Municipal Solid Wastes (MSW) based Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF), non-hazardous industrial wastes, plastics wastes, tyre wastes, non-usable bio-mass etc. as an alternative fuel and raw material (AFR) in cement kilns.

Co-processing in cement kiln is considered an environmentally sustainable option for the management of different kinds of wastes including hazardous and other wastes. In co-processing, these wastes are not only destroyed at a higher temperature of up to 1450 °C and long residence time during which its inorganic content gets fixed with the clinker and becomes part of cement apart from using the energy content of the wastes, thus no residues are left. Unlike incineration process, co-processing does not produce residual ash. Further, the acidic gases, if any generated during co-processing gets neutralized in the large alkaline environment available within the kiln system. This phenomenon also reduces the non-renewable resources requirement such as coal and limestone etc. Thus the utilization of wastes in cement kilns through co-processing provides a win-win option of waste disposal.

Further, the January 2019 Interim report depicts that as per 2016-17 data, Haryana has granted authorization to 3941 hazardous waste generating industries to generate 64896.63 Ton per year of hazardous wastes. However, according to Annual Returns filed as per the provisions made under the Hazardous and Other Wastes (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016, the total quantum of hazardous waste generated in Haryana during 2016-17 was 58829.43 Ton, which is nearly 9.4% less than the quantity for which authorizations granted. However, this data does not clear whether all the industries have submitted the annual returns (Form-4). 8995.81 Ton of hazardous waste was disposed through secure landfill facility – 687.71 Ton in Captive SLF and 8308.1 Ton in Common SLF at treatment, storage, and disposal facility (TSDF).

Quantity of hazardous waste utilized under Rule 9 was 3566.25 Ton, sent to recyclers of Schedule-IV of the Rule 7458.87 Ton, and stored at occupier premises at the end of the year 9124.18 Ton.

The quantity of hazardous waste stored at occupier site stands to be more than 15.5% of the total hazardous waste generated and is more than the quantity disposed through SLF.

Further, 24595.06 Ton of hazardous waste was disposed through incinerator – 4135.4 Ton in Captive incinerator and 20459.66 Ton in Common incinerator at TSDF. The quantum of hazardous waste disposed through co-processing in cement kiln was 5089.1 Ton.

The above data offers space for some obvious questions. First, why should such a huge quantity of hazardous wastes be stored at the occupiers’ site? Whether the Haryana State Pollution Control Board (HSPCB) has sought reasons from the industries?

Secondly, why Haryana sticks to incineration method for disposal of nearly 42% of its hazardous waste as against 3.9% incineration at a national level?

Third, whether the quantity against SLF at TSDF also includes the quantity of ash generated from incinerator?

Fourth and most important one, Gujarat Enviro Protection and Infrastructure (Haryana) Pvt. Ltd. (GEPIL) is the TSDF provider in Haryana. Nearly 8.65% of the total hazardous wastes were disposed through co-processing. This method involves very less cost that could be merely to meet transportation and very little of handling the hazardous waste. But it reduces, cost of incineration, cost of pollution control measures due to incineration, cost of ash handling and disposal. This also increases the life of the TSDF site. Therefore, a huge cost saving is envisaged in the part of GEPIL in 2016-17 and subsequent years. Whether GEPIL has come out with any proposal to reduce the cost it charges to the industries?

On the other hand, industries should also review the characteristics of their wastes as reported in the Finger Print Analysis report issued by GEPIL. The report should also be cross-verified by some leading environmental laboratory such as Shriram Institute of Industrial Research. At the same time, industries and other members of GEPIL should demand more details and description under serial number 10 and 13 of the Manifest (Form-10).